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Liriodendron tulipifera

Yellow Poplar, Tulip Poplar, Tuliptree

Native/Alien:

Native

Type:

Deciduous Tree

Bloom Color(s):

greenish yellow with orange center

Size in Feet:

70 - 100

Light:

full-sun

Soil Moisture:

mesic(*)

Bloom Area:

Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)

Notes:

The tulip tree is one of the largest of the native trees of the eastern United States, known to reach the height of 190 feet (58 m), with a trunk 10 feet (3 m) in diameter.

Flower

Despite the common names, it is closely related to Magnolias and is not in the Populus genus.

image

Jack Spruill, Hampstead, April 29, 2009

Branch with persistent, scaly, cone-like fruit in background of photo.

The pale brown, persistent fruits are a good identification mark in winter.

image

Jack Spruill, Hampstead, April 29, 2009

Note the distinctive shape of the leaf.

Bark of young tree

image

Bark of a mature tree

The tall, straight, light-colored trunk is a good ID mark. Older bark has flat-topped ridges and whitish valleys. The lumber is used for furniture and veneer because of its strength, porosity, and light weight.

image

Cary Paynter, Wilmington, Feb 2011

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

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Comments - Leave a comment or read what's been added!

The choice of “poplar” as one of the several common names is an irony since this species is not in the Populus genus. Apparently that common name form came from the lumber industry.

Posted by .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)  on  02/01  at  10:05 AM
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