Growing Native!

Recommended Native Species

Common names are linked to plant gallery portraits where available.

Trees

Small Trees (up to 25 ft)
Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common Name Scientific Name Type Light Soil Moisture (*)
Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea deciduous full / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa (2) deciduous full / part-sun hydric / xeric
Paw paw Asimina triloba deciduous part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
American hornbeam Carpinus carolina deciduous part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Chinquapin Castanea pumila deciduous full-sun / shade sub-xeric / xeric
Eastern Redbud Cercis canadensis deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / xeric
Fringe Tree Chionanthus virginicus deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric
Pagoda dogwood Cornus alternifolia deciduous part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Flowering dogwood Cornus florida deciduous sun / shade mesic / xeric
Washington hawthorn Crataegus phaenopyrum deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric
Persimmon Diospyros virginiana deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Carolina silverbell Halesia carolina deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Common witch-hazel Hamamelis virginiana deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
American holly Ilex opaca evergreen full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Red cedar Juniperus virginiana evergreen full-sun / part-sun sub-xeric / xeric
Umbrella tree Magnolia tripetela deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Hop-hornbeam Ostrya virginiana deciduous part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum deciduous full-sun / shade sub-xeric / xeric
Hoptree Ptelea trifoliata deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
American plum Prunus americana deciduous full-sun / part-sun sub-xeric / xeric
Pin cherry Prunus pensylvanica deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Common Sassafras Sassafras albidum (2) deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum rufidulum deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / xeric

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Large Trees (over 25 ft)
Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common Name Scientific Name Type Light Soil Moisture (*)
Red maple Acer rubrum deciduous full-sun / shade hydric / xeric
Sugar maple Acer saccharum deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Yellow buckeye Aesculus flava deciduous part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Yellow birch Betula alleghanienses deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Sweet birch Betula lenta deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
River birch Betula nigra deciduous full-sun / part-sun hydric / sub-xeric
Bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Pignut hickory Carya glabra deciduous full-sun / shade sub-xeric / xeric
Yellowwood Cladrastis kentuckea deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Beech Fagus grandifolia deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Tulip tree Liriodendron tulipifera deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Cucumber tree Magnolia acuminata deciduous part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Black tupelo Nyssa sylvatica deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / xeric
Sycamore Platanus occidentalis deciduous full-sun / part-sun hydric / mesic
Red spruce Picea rubens evergreen full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Black cherry Prunus serotina (2) deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric
White oak Quercus alba deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric
Chestnut oak Quercus montana deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric
Red oak Quercus rubra deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Post oak Quercus stellata deciduous full-sun / part-sun sub-xeric / xeric
American linden Tilia americana deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Canadian hemlock Tsuga canadensis evergreen full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Carolina hemlock Tsuga caroliniana evergreen full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric

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Shrubs:

Low Shrubs (under 4 ft)
Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common Name Scientific Name Type Light Soil Moisture (*)
New Jersey tea Ceanothus americanus deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric
Sweetfern Comptonia peregrina deciduous full-sun / part-sun sub-xeric / xeric
Snowhill Hydrangea Hydrangea aborescens deciduous part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Shrubby St. John's Wort Hypericum prolificum deciduous full-sun / part-sun hydric / xeric
Drooping leucothoe Leucothoe fontanesiana evergreen part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Carolina rose Rosa carolina deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Swamp rose Rosa palustris deciduous full-sun / part-sun hydric / mesic
Cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon evergreen full-sun / part-sun hydric / mesic
Lowbush blueberry Vaccinium pallidum deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric
Maple-leaf Viburnum Viburnum acerifolium deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric

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Mid-size Shrubs (4 to 10 ft)
Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common Name Scientific Name Type Light Soil Moisture (*)
Red chokeberry Aronia arbutifolia deciduous full-sun / part-sun hydric / sub-xeric
Black chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa deciduous full-sun / part-sun hydric / sub-xeric
Sweetshrub Calycanthus floridus deciduous part-sun / shade hydric / sub-xeric
Cinnamonbark Clethra acuminata deciduous full-sun / part-sun sub-xeric / xeric
Silky dogwood Cornus amomum deciduous full-sun / part-sun hydric / sub-xeric
Hazelnut Corylus americana deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Bush-honeysuckle Diervilla sessilifolia deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / xeric
Hearts-a-bustin Euonymus americanus deciduous part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Large Fothergilla Fothergilla major deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Dense Hypericum Hypericum densiflorum deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric
Common winterberry Ilex verticillata deciduous full-sun / shade hydric / mesic
Virginia sweetspire Itea virginica deciduous full-sun / shade hydric / sub-xeric
Mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia evergreen full-sun / part-sun sub-xeric / xeric
Spicebush Lindera benzoin deciduous part-sun / shade mesic
Sweet azalea Rhododendron aborescens deciduous full-sun / shade hydric / mesic
Flame azalea Rhododendron calendulaceum deciduous part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Carolina Rhododendron Rhododendron carolinianum evergreen part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Mountain rosebay Rhododendron catawbiense evergreen full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Wild or Pinxter azalea Rhododendron periclymenoides deciduous part-sun / shade hydric / sub-xeric
Pinkshell azalea Rhododendron vaseyi evergreen full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Elderberry Sambucus canadensis (2) deciduous full-sun / shade mesic
Coral berry Symphoricarpus orbiculatus (2) deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / xeric
Hobblebush Viburnum alnifolium deciduous part-sun / shade mesic
Highbush blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum (2) deciduous full-sun / part-sun sub-xeric / xeric
Deerberry Vaccinium stamineum deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric
Witherod Vibernum Vibernum cassinoides deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric

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Large Shrubs (over 10 feet)
Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common Name Scientific Name Type Light Soil Moisture (*)
Tag alder Alnum serrulata (2) deciduous full-sun / part-sun hydric / mesic
Mountain winterberry Ilex montana deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Mock orange Philadelphus inodorus deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Rosebay Rhododendron Rhododendron maximum evergreen part-sun / shade mesic / sub-xeric
Smooth sumac Rhus glabra (2) deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Silky willow Salix sericea (2) deciduous full-sun / shade hydric / sub-xeric
Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum (2) deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric

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Vines:

Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common Name Scientific Name Type Light Soil Moisture (*)
Dutchman's pipe Aristolochia macrophylla deciduous part-sun / shade mesic / xeric
Crossvine Bignonia capreolata evergreen full-sun / shade hydric / sub-xeric
Trumpet creeper Campsis radicans deciduous full-sun / part-sun sub-xeric / xeric
Virgin's bower Clematis virginiana deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / xeric
Climbing hydrangea Decumaria barbara deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Coral honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric
Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia (2) deciduous full-sun / shade mesic / xeric
Passion flower Passivlora incarnata deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / xeric
Fox grape Vitis labrusca deciduous full-sun / part-sun mesic / sub-xeric

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Ferns:

Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common name Scientific name
Maidenhair fern Adiantum pedatum
Ebony spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron
Lady fern Athyrium felix-feimina ssp.asplenoides
Hay-scented fern Dennstaedtia punctiloba
Wood fern Dryopteris marginalis
Sensitive fern Onoclea sensibilis
Cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomea
Interrupted fern Osmunda claytoniana
Royal fern Osmunch regalis
Christmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides
New York fern Thelypteris novaboracensis
Chain fern Woodwardia areolata
Common woodsia Woodsia obtusa

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Grasses & Sedges:

Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common name Scientific name
Big bluestem Andropogon gerardii
Broomsedge Andropogon virginicus
River cane Arundinaria gigantea ssp. gigantea
Pennsylvania sedge Carex pennsylvanica
Plantain-leaved sedge Carex plantaginea
River oats Chasmanthium latifolium
Oat grass Danthonia compressa
Bottle brush Elymus bystrix
Switch-grass Panicum virgatum
Little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium
Indian grass Sorghastrum nutans
Eastern gamma grass Tripsacum dactyloides

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Ground Covers:

Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common name Scientific name
Pussy's toes Antennaria plantaginifolia
Wild ginger Asarum canadense
Green-and-gold Chrysogonum virginianum
Mouse-eared coreopsis Coreopsis auriculata
Wild strawberry Fragaria virginiana
Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens
Little brown jugs Hexastylis arifolia
Dwarf crested iris Iris cristata
Partridge Berry Mitchella repens
Allegheny spurge Pachysandra procumbens
Phacelia Phacelia bipinnatifida
Chalice Phlox Phlox amoena
Wild blue phlox Phlox divaricata
Creeping phlox Phlox stolonifera
Golden aster Pityopis graminifolia
Christmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides
Oconee bells Shortia galacifolia
Blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium mucronatum
Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia
Yellow-root Xanthorhiza simplicissima

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Wildflowers:

Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common name Scientific name
Doll's eyes Actaea Pachypoda
Carolina phlox Phlox carolina
Blue star Amsonia tabernaemontana
Thimbleweed Anemone virginiana
Wild columbine Aquilegia canadensis
Green dragon Arisaema dracontium
Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum
Goat's-beard Aruncus dioicus
Swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata
Butterfly-weed Asclepias tuberosa
White wood aster Aster divaricatus
Late purple aster Aster patens
False goatsbeard Astilbe biternata
Wild indigo Baptisia tinctoria
Blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides
Pink turtlehead Chelone lyonii
Black cohosh Cimicifuga racemosa
Coreopsis Coreopsis pubescens
Bleeding heart Dicentra eximia
Shooting star Dodecatheon meadia
Joe-Pye weed Eupatorium fistulosum
Wild geranium Geranium maculatum
Sunflower Helianthus resinosus
Sharp-lobed hepatica Hepatica acutiloba
Alumroot Heuchera americana
Jewelweed Impatiens capensis
Blazing star Liatris spicata
Turk's cap lily Lilium superbum
Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia Lobelia puberula
Great lobelia Lobelia siphilitica
Fringed loostrife Lysimachia ciliata
Bishop's cap Mitella diphylla
Bee balm Monarda didyma
Carolina phlox Phlox carolina
Garden phlox Phlox paniculata
Solomon's seal Polygonatum biflorum
Blackeyed susan Rudbeckia hirta
Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis
Fire pink Silene virginica
Winkle-leaf goldenrod Solidago rugosa
Bush pea Thermopsis villosa
New York ironweed Vernonia noveboracensis

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Mesic:

Mesic (*) for Full Sun
Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common name Scientific name
New England aster Aster novea angliae
Curtis aster Aster curtisii
Hairy coreopsis Coreopsis pubescens
Joe-Pye weed Eupatorium fistulosum
Blazing star Liatris spicata
Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis
Bee balm Monarda didyma
Wild blue phlox Phlox carolina
Blackeyed susan Rudbeckia hirta

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Mesic (*) for Shade
Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name
Common name Scientific name
Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum
Wild ginger Asarum canadense
Trout lily Erythronium americanum
Sharp-lobed hepatica Hepatica acutiloba
Alumroot Heuchera americana
Partridge Berry Mitchella repens
Cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnomonea
Solomon's seal Polygonatum biflorum
Christmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides
Oconee bells Shortia galacifolia
Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia

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