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Plant Details

Cartrema americana [= Osmanthus americanus]

Wild Olive, Devilwood

Scientific Name:

Cartrema americana [= Osmanthus americanus]

Genus:

Cartrema

Species Epithet:

americana

Common Name:

Wild Olive, Devilwood

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Plant Family

Oleaceae (Olive Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May

Growing Area:

Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Maritime forests and (in FL, GA, SC, and extreme s. NC) hammocks and other dry, sandy forests well inland, and reported southwards for wet habitats as well.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Wildlife Value:

Not Assigned

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

Notes:

formerly Osmanthus americanus
Winter food for birds.

In winter

Wild Olive has lustrous evergreen leaves - the soft shine is distinctive. They are also opposite, or nearly so. An uncommon coastal shrub of maritime forests.

image

Flowers

image

Wilmington, April 10, 2013

Unripe fruit

The fruit is borne on jointed panicles and often persists through winter.

image

Ripened drupe

The fruits ripen to a deep blue color.

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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