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Plant Details

Mitchella repens

Partridge-berry, Twinberry, Running Box, Pigeon Plum

Scientific Name:

Mitchella repens

Common Name:

Partridge-berry, Twinberry, Running Box, Pigeon Plum

Plant Family

Rubiaceae (Madder Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Type:

Perennial

Bloom Color(s):

white

Size in Feet:

0.16

Light:

Part-shade, shade

Soil Moisture:

Mesic(*)

Bloom Time:

May-June

Bloom Area:

Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)

Habitat Description:

“Deciduous and coniferous forests, stream-banks, heath balds, maritime forests, on rotten logs; common…Plants in maritime forests are more robust than others and often have an ascending habit, the stems sometimes 20-30 cm tall.” Weakley 2015

State Rank:

S4 - 100-1000 Extant Populations - Apparently secure in NC, with many occurrences (*)

Notes:

"All parts are dainty, including its pairs of small, rounded, evergreen leaves; tiny, trumpet-shaped, pinkish-white flowers; and scarlet berries...A most attractive woodland creeper with highly ornamental foliage, it can be used as a groundcover under acid-loving shrubs and in terraria in the winter." Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center

The twin flowers, actually the ovaries, will fuse to make a single fruit or berry.

image

Ev-Henwood, Brunswick County, May 2010

Single berry from fused ovaries.

image

The Green Swamp, Brunswick County, Nov. 2010

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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