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Plant Details

Phytolacca americana

Pokeweed, American Pokeweed, Great Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Scientific Name:

Phytolacca americana

Common Name:

Pokeweed, American Pokeweed, Great Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Plant Family

Phytolaccaceae (Pokeweed Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Type:

Perennial

Bloom Color(s):

white

Size in Feet:

9

Light:

Sun

Soil Moisture:

Sub-xeric(*)

Bloom Time:

May - frost

Bloom Area:

Statewide

Habitat Description:

Mountains, Piedmont and Coastal Plain. Weakley 2007. “In a wide variety of natural and disturbed habitats, usually associated with exposed mineral soil.” Weakley 2015

Notes:

"An abundant 'native weed' occurring throughout e. North America, P. americana is widely dispersed by birds and quickly colonizes exposed mineral soil even in undisturbed forests, such as on tree-fall tip-up mounds or flood scours. It is most abundant, however, as a weed of urban, suburban, and agricultural disturbances. The berries and mature stems are poisonous; the young stems have been used as a potherb and the purple berries as a source of ink." Weakley 2015

Plants

image

Tom Harville

New buds

image

Tom Harville

Blooms just opening

image

Tom Harville

Blooms & green fruit

image

Tom Harville

Green fruit & Ripe fruit

image

Tom Harville

Old Fruit

image

Tom Harville

Old Plant

image

Tom Harville

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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