Plant Details

Spiranthes vernalis

Twisted Ladies'-tresses, Spring Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses

Scientific Name:

Spiranthes vernalis

Common Name:

Twisted Ladies'-tresses, Spring Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses

Plant Family

Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)


NC Native



Bloom Time:

March - April - May - June - July

Bloom Area:

Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)

Habitat Description:

Savannas, bogs, marshes, fairly dry fields. Rare in NC Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont, common in Coastal Plain.

State Rank:

No NC Rank Listed (*)

Global Rank:

No Global Rank listed (*)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)


Per North American Orchid Conservation Center "This orchid is pollinated by bees in search of nectar, including Apis mellifera, Bombus impatiens and Bombus pensylvanicus. The labellum occasionally has two orange or brown spots near the center. It can be distinguished from other Spiranthes species by the pointed tips of the hairs on its inflorescence, as opposed to rounded tips seen in other species such as S. laciniata.."

Blooming Plants


© David R. McAdoo

Closeup of Blooms


© David R. McAdoo


USDA PLANTS Database Record

North American Orchid Conservation Center
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America
Bird-Friendly Native Plants

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