Native Orchids

Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name.
Thumbnail Scientific Name Common Name State Rank (*) State Status
(*)
Fed. Status
(*)
Bloom
Time
Bloom Area
(*)
image Aplectrum hyemale Puttyroot, Adam & Eve S4: Apparently Secure May - June Mountains, Piedmont
image Arethusa bulbosa Bog Rose S1: Critically Imperiled E: Endangered May - June Mountains
image Calopogon barbatus Bearded Grass Pink S3: Vulnerable April - May Coast
image Calopogon multiflorus Many Flower Grass Pink S1: Critically Imperiled E: Endangered May - June Coast
image Calopogon pallidus Pale Grass Pink S3: Vulnerable May - June - July Coast
image Calopogon tuberosus Grass Pink April - May - June - July Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Cleistes bifaria Small Spreading Pogonia S2: Imperiled W: Watch List May - June - July Coast, Mountains
image Cleistes divaricata Spreading Pogonia S3: Vulnerable May - June - July Coast, Mountains
image Coeloglossum viride var. virescens (=Dactylorhiza viridis) Long Bract Frog Orchid S1: Critically Imperiled Candidate April - May - June Mountains
image Corallorhiza maculata Spotted Coral Root July - August Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Corallorhiza odontorhiza Autumn Coral Root S4: Apparently Secure April - May Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Corallorhiza wisteriana Spring Coral Root S2: Imperiled W: Watch List April - May
image Cypripedium acaule Pink Lady's Slipper, Stemless Lady's Slipper S5: Secure April - May - June - July Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Cypripedium parviflorum var parviflorum Small Yellow Lady's Slipper Orchid S3: Vulnerable April - May - June Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Cypripedium parviflorum var pubescens Large Yellow Lady's Slipper Orchid S3: Vulnerable April - May - June Mountains, Piedmont
image Cypripedium reginae Showy Lady's Slipper SH: Historical W: Watch List May - June Mountains
image Epidendrum magnoliae (conopseum) Green Fly Orchid S2: Imperiled SR: Significantly Rare July - August - September - October Coast
image Epipactis helleborine Eastern Helleborine June - July - August - September Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Galearis spectabilis (=Orchis spectabilis) Showy Orchis S4: Apparently Secure April - May - June - July Mountains, Piedmont
image Goodyera pubescens Downy Rattlesnake Plantain S5: Secure June - July - August Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Habenaria repens Water Spider Orchid S2: Imperiled W: Watch List April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November Coast
image Hexalectris spicata Crested Coral Root S2: Imperiled SR: Significantly Rare July - August Statewide
image Isotria medeoloides Small Whorled Pogonia S1: Critically Imperiled E: Endangered T - Threatened May - June Piedmont
image Isotria verticillata Large Whorled Pogonia S3: Vulnerable April - May - June - July Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Liparis liliifolia Lily Leafed Twayblade, Mauve Sleekwort, brown widelip orchid May - June - July S - State-wide
image Liparis loeselii Fen Orchid S1: Critically Imperiled Candidate May - June - July Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Listera australis Southern Twayblade Apr - Jul Coast
image Listera cordata Heart Leaved Twayblade June - July Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Listera smallii Kidney Leaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade June - July Mountains
No Images
Yet
Malaxis bayardii Appalachian Adder's Mouth SH: Historical SR: Significantly Rare July - August - September Mountains, Piedmont
No Images
Yet
Malaxis spicata Florida Adder's Mouth S1: Critically Imperiled SR: Significantly Rare July - August Coast
image Malaxis unifolia Green Adder's Mouth S4: Apparently Secure June - July - August Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Platanthera blephariglottis var. conspicua = (Habenaria blephariglottis) Large White Fringed Orchid S3: Vulnerable July - August - September Coast, rare Mountains
image Platanthera ciliaris Yellow Fringed Orchid S4: Apparently Secure July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Platanthera clavellata Small Green Woodland Orchid S4: Apparently Secure June - July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Platanthera cristata Yellow Crested Orchis S4: Apparently Secure June - July - August - September Mountains - Mountainsountains (rare), Coast
image Platanthera flava var. flava Southern Rein Orchid S3: Vulnerable March - April - May - June - July - August - September Piedmont, Coast
image Platanthera flava var. herbiola Northern Green Orchid S1: Critically Imperiled SR: Significantly Rare May - June - July - August - September Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Platanthera grandiflora Large Purple Fringed Orchid S2: Imperiled SR: Significantly Rare June - July - August Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Platanthera integra Yellow Fringeless Orchid S2: Imperiled T: Threatened June - July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Platanthera integrilabia White Fringeless Orchid SX: Presumed Extirpated E: Endangered SC - Special Concern June - July - August - September Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Platanthera lacera Green Fringed Orchid June - July - August Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Platanthera nivea Snowy Orchid S1: Critically Imperiled T: Threatened June - July - August Coast
image Platanthera orbiculata Large Round Leaved Orchid June - July - August - September Mountains- Mountainsountains, Piedmont
image Platanthera peramoena Purple Fringeless Orchid Candidate June - July - August - September - October Mountains- Mountainsountains
image Platanthera psycodes Small Purple Fringe Orchid June - July - August Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Platanthera shriveri Shriver's frilly orchid mid Jul - early Aug Mountains
image Platanthera x bicolor (P. blephariglottis x P.ciliaris) Bicolor Bog Orchid June - July - August Coast
image Pogonia ophioglossoides Rose Pogonia S3: Vulnerable May - June Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Ponthieva racemosa Shadow Witch S2: Imperiled SR: Significantly Rare September-October Coast
image Pteroglossaspis ecristata (+Eulophia e.) Spiked Medusa S1: Critically Imperiled E: Endangered SC - Special Concern June - July - August - September Coast
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes brevilabris Texas Ladies' Tresses S1: Critically Imperiled E: Endangered February - March - April Coast
image Spiranthes cernua Nodding Ladies' Tresses S4: Apparently Secure SR: Significantly Rare July - August - September - October - November Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes eatonii Eaton's Ladies' Tresses March - April - May Coast
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes floridana Florida Ladies' Tresses April - May Coast
image Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis Southern Slender Ladies' Tresses S4: Apparently Secure August-September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Spiranthes lacera var. laceras Northern Slender Ladies' Tresses SH: Historical SR: Significantly Rare Aug - Sep Mountains - Mountainsountains
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes laciniata Lace Lip Ladies' Tresses S1: Critically Imperiled May - June - July Coast
image Spiranthes longilabris Giant Spiral Orchid S1: Critically Imperiled T: Threatened October - November - December Coast
image Spiranthes lucida Shining Ladies' Tresses S1: Critically Imperiled Candidate June Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Spiranthes ochroleuca Yellow Ladies' Tresses SH: Historical Candidate September - October Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Spiranthes odorata Sweet Scent Ladies' Tresses S2: Imperiled SR: Significantly Rare September - October - November Coast
image Spiranthes ovalis var. erostellata Lesser Ladies' Tresses S2: Imperiled August - September - October - November Piedmont, Coast
image Spiranthes praecox Grassleaf Ladies' Tresses March - April - May - June - July Piedmont, Coast
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes sylvatica Woodland Ladies' Tresses March - April - May - June - July Coast
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes tuberosa Little Ladies' Tresses S3: Vulnerable June - July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Spiranthes vernalis Twisted Ladies' Tresses S3: Vulnerable March - April - May - June - July Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Tipularia discolor Cranefly Orchid S5: Secure July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Triphora trianthophora Three Birds Orchid July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)

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Crosses not listed by the State

Orchids listed alphabetically by scientific name
Thumbnail Scientific Name Common Name State Rank (*) State Status (*) Fed. Status Bloom Time Bloom Area (*)
No Images
Yet
Liparis x jonesii (L. liliifolia x L. loeselii) S? - - Spring M
No Images
Yet
Platanthera x andrewsii (P. lacera x P. psycodes) S? - - Summer M
Platanthera x bicolor Platanthera x bicolor (P. blephariglottis x P. ciliaris) S? - - Summer C
No Images
Yet
Platanthera x canbyi (P. blephariglottis x P. cristata) S? - - Summer C
No Images
Yet
Platanthera x channelli (P. ciliaris x P. cristata) S? - - Summer C
No Images
Yet
Platanthera x keenanii (P. grandiflora x P. lacera) S? - - Summer M

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Some sights to watch for

Photographs © David R. McAdoo (ncorchid @ yahoo.com) and other society members. Used with permission. Thank you very much! :)

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Send your photos of buds, blooms, leaves, and seedpods to:

tom @ ncwildflower.org

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